The Queen of Australia was born on 21 April 1926 at 2.40 AM to the Duke (later King George VI) and the Duchess of York at 17 Bruton Street, London - the home of the Duchess of York's parents. She was given the names Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, after the Duchess of York (Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother now deceased) and two Queens.
With the exception of Western Australia and Queensland, the Queen's birthday will be celebrated in Australia on Monday, 12 June 2017. Western Australia will celebrate the Queen's birthday on Monday, 25 September 2017 and Queensland will celebrate the Queen's birthday on Monday, 1 October 2017. The celebrating of the Sovereign's birthday has a long history in Australia commencing in 1788. George Mackaness in "Admiral Arthur Phillip - Founder of New South Wales 1728-1814" describes that event thus:
The fourth of June was the birthday of King George III, "their beloved sovereign" as Collins describes him, The day was one "general rejoicing, festivity and forgiveness." The Governor caused the Sirius and the Supply to fire three royal salutes; the transports still in the harbour and the battalion of marines fired volleys; the Lieutenant-Governor and all the officers, civil and military, waited on the Governor, who entertained them at dinner, with the band playing and much enthusiastic toasting and cheering. Describing the toast of His Majesty's Ministers, Surgeon White cannot refrain from punning hope that these "may be Pitted against any that ever conducted the affairs of Great Britain."
Being "a day of forgiveness," the four convicts, Lovell, Sidaway, Hall, and Gordon, confined at Pinchgut awaiting banishment, were "fully pardoned," so that Phillip could write: "For the twenty four hours I believe there was not one heavy heart in this part of his Majesty's dominions." In the evening large bonfires - "we had plenty of wood," says Southwell - were lighted, and kept burning all night. With a supper tendered by the Governor to all the principal officers of the settlement, the festive day was brought to a close.
Queen's Birthday Honours - Order of Australia
Recipients of the Order of Australia are announced twice a year; the first list on Australia Day (26 January) and the second list on the Queen's Official Birthday. The Queen of Australia is also the Sovereign of the Order of Australia.
Each year, Australia Post issues a stamp commemorating the Queen of Australia's birthday. The issue date for 2017 is unknown at this stage. Further details about the Queen of Australia's birthday stamp may be obtained from Australia Post.