A Nation for a Continent and a Continent for a Nation
Former Governor-General, Sir William Deane, reads the Queen of Australia's Federation Message at Centennial Park, Sydney on 1 January 2001.
Timeline of Events to Federation
Below is the timeline of events leading up to the Federation on 1 January 1901:
- Governor Fitzroy of New South Wales makes the first noted suggestion of the need for an inter-colonial authority.
- First intercolonial conference held in Melbourne.
- Henry Parkes' proposal for a Federal Council agreed to by intercolonial conference in Sydney.
- British Parliament passes Federal Council of Australasia Act.
- Parkes' Tenterfield speech calling for constitutional convention.
- National Australasian Convention in Sydney drafts 'Bill to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia'.
- People's Federal Convention at Bathurst (NSW) provides forum for ordinary citizens to discuss the Constitution Bill of 1891.
- Second National Australasian Convention prepares revised draft constitution.
- Referendums held in all colonies (except Western Australia).
March - A delegation of Australians sent to London to negotiate enactment of the Bill.
05 July - British Parliament passes Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Bill.
09 July - Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
31 July - Western Australia votes to join the federation.
29 October - Queen Victoria issued Letters Patent constituting the Office of Governor-General and also presents the Letters Patent to Australia's first Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun.
17 September - Queen Victoria issued a Royal Proclamation which declared:
On and after 1 January 1901, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.
01 January - an official ceremony inaugurates the Commonwealth of Australia.
20 March - the first federal elections are held.
09 May - the first Commonwealth Parliament meets at the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne.
Click here to get further information about the
Federation of Australia from the Australian National Library Pandora Archives.