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1999 REFERENDUM RESULTS

Introduction

The following data on the 1999 referendum is provided as an information service only. For further information on these issues and other electoral matters go to the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) website. Use of all referenda details on this site is courtesy of the AEC.

Requirements to change the Australian Constitution

The requirements to change the Australian Constitution are detailed at Section 128 of The Constitution. In summary, two conditions must be met for any referendum question to be passed to change the Constitution. They are.
  1. A majority of voters nation-wide (all States and Territories) must agree to the change, and

  2. A majority of people in a majority of States (4 of the 6 States) must also agree to the change.

Territories are not included in 2 above. Other provisions relating to amending the Constitution are detailed in the penultimate paragraph of Section 128.

Compulsory Voting

Voting in all elections and on referenda questions is compulsory for all Australians who are eligible to vote.

Referendum Results

Results for the republic question and the preamble question which were put to the Australian people on 6 November 1999 are shown below.

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Republic Question

A map showing state/territory breakdown of voting results for the republic question is shown below while the actual voting figures are shown in the table immediately beneath the map: 

Republic Results


Table of Voting Results for the Republic Question

State/Territory Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal % Informal % Total Status
New South Wales 1,817,380 46.43 2,096,562 53.57 3,913,942 99.12 34,772 0.88 3,948,714 NO
Victoria 1,489,536 49.84 1,499,138 50.16 2,988,674 99.07 28,063 0.93 3,016,737 NO
Queensland 784,060 37.44 1,309,992 62.56 2,094,052 99.31 14,642 0.69 2,108,694 NO
Western Australia 458,306 41.48 646,520 58.52 1,104,826 99.15 9,500 0.85 1,114,326 NO
South Australia 425,869 43.57 551,575 56.43 977,444 99.09 8,950 0.91 986,394 NO
Tasmania 126,271 40.37 186,513 59.63 312,784 99.09 2,857 0.91 315,641 NO
ACT 127,211 63.27 73,850 36.73 201,061 99.23 1,553 0.77 202,614 N/A
Northern Territory 44,391 48.77 46,637 51.23 91,028 99.07 852 0.93 91,880 N/A
National 5,273,024 45.13 6,410,787 54.87 11,683,811 99.14 101,189 0.86 11,785,000 NO
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Preamble Question

A map showing state/territory breakdown of voting results for the preamble question is shown below while the actual voting figures are shown in the table immediately beneath the map:




Table of Voting Results for the Preamble Question

 State/Territory Yes Votes % No Votes % Formal % Informal % Total Status
New South Wales 1,647,378 42.14 2,261,960 57.86 3,909,338 99.01 39,144 0.99 3,948,482 NO
Victoria 1,268,044 42.46 1,718,331 57.54 2,986,375 98.99 30,341 1.01 3,016,716 NO
Queensland 686,644 32.81 1,405,841 67.19 2,092,485 99.23 16,174 0.77 2,108,659 NO
Western Australia 383,477 34.73 720,542 65.27 1,104,019 99.06 10,436 0.94 1,114,455 NO
South Australia 371,965 38.10 604,245 61.90 976,210 98.95 10,325 1.05 986,535 NO
Tasmania 111,415 35.67 200,906 64.33 312,321 98.94 3,343 1.06 315,664 NO
ACT 87,629 43.61 113,293 56.39 200,922 99.16 1,696 0.84 202,618 N/A
Northern Territory 35,011 38.52 55,880 61.48 90,891 98.90 1,015 1.10 91,906 N/A
National 4,591,563 39.34 7,080,998 60.66 11,672,561 99.05 112,474 0.95 11,785,035 NO
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